A visit to London is likely not complete without a visit to Buckingham Palace. The palace attracts over a million visitors a year. Keeping an eye on tourists, guards changing posts, and the royal family is Queen Victoria perched upon her throne in history. The Queen Victoria Memorial was built in 1911 to commemorate the death of England’s longest-reigning monarch (1837 – 1901). The statue of Victoria faces away from Buckingham Palace and is surrounded with statues representing courage, constancy, victory, charity, truth and motherhood.